Small things and details require a lot of effort and specific instruments to be captured with a camera. It is defined macro photography, and basically it means you increase up to 5 times the size of a small object.
This fascinating kind of photography is particularly interesting as it allows the identification of several characteristics and aspects of both patterns and textures not visible to human eye.
Generally macro photography requires at least a 50/60 mm lens, but for some specific subjects a greater focal lens, working like magnifying glass, could be necessary.
Otherwise, you can use a non specific lens but a filter mounted on the front of your normal lens; in this case however, it is usually harder to obtain a completely satisfactory result and the filter could oblige you to choose which part of the subject you want to capture.
What is more, when talking about macro photography, auto-focus could not work correctly and it is better to use manual focus to be sure to capture the part of the object you want to focus on, obtaining the exact result you wish. By the way, experiment with the lens aperture to regulate the focus and depth of field, obtaining nice and artistic or more creative effects.
Beside the more technical aspects and elements, we want to give you some easy tips to better capture small things and elements, obtaining a much satisfying picture.
– Get close to the subject trying to portray it from a different perspective and, when possible, use lights on different sides to change the effect of the picture and its result.
If you want to portray a butterfly or an insect, however, getting closer could be hard…no worries, with a bit of patience follow them for a while, above all during the late afternoon when they start to be still for the nighttime!
– A simple background is recommended in case of macro photography as it allow the subject to stand out without disturbing the picture in general.
– Don’t hesitate: in this case things can change really faster due to small, slight movements. Be prepared: set up all the settings of the camera in advance and start shooting fast and immediately.
– In macro photography the use of the camera flash could create bad effects or difficulties while shooting. The use of an external flash light could be necessary, especially during cloudy days, together with a tripod.
– One tip more. After the rain, raindrops on leafs and flowers give the opportunity to obtain stunning effects as they can work as small lenses, magnifying some details!
Try to shoot the small world around you and be amazed by the many opportunities you have; and as always, experiment and have fun!